Author Guidelines

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1.  Manuscript Format

Articles submitted should normally be between 5000 and 8000 words in length, including the references. Manuscripts should be prepared in Word file, 1.5 spacing, 1 column, and all text should appear in 12-point Times New Roman. The body of the article should consist of several sections; please use the guideline provided in Figure 1 for the suggested length of each section.




Figure 1. Suggested length of each section in the body of the article


2. Manuscript Template



 (Center, Bold, Times New Roman 12, No more than 13 words)



Authors’ Affiliation

Corresponding E-mails



Each manuscript must be accompanied by an abstract of 150 to 200 words. The content of the abstract should reflect the important points and main findings presented in the manuscripts (this will help you to attract the right readers). It should include some background, focus of the objective, steps or important stages of the research, significant findings, and the conclusions. It should be written in both Indonesian and English, confined within a single paragraph, and single-spaced.


Keywords: 35 words

The keywords contain important terms and substance of the article which may help readers find the article. They should be in bold and italics, and are written under the abstract.



            The introduction provides a context or background of the study, that is the gap between the expected and actual condition, supported by the latest theories and studies relevant to the problem, and the new value of research which is innovation. This section should not exceed 20% of the body of the article.



This section should be clearly and concisely written. It provides practical information concerning the research methods, procedures, tools, materials, or instruments. Authors may provide the blue-print of the instrument or the materials used in the study if necessary. Commonly used statistical formula is not necessarily written in this section. Specific criteria used or established by researchers in the data collection and analyses may be described in this section. This section should not exceed 10% (for qualitative research) or 15% (for quantitative research) of the manuscript.


Findings and Discussion

Findings section is provided prior to the discussion section. Each section stands alone as a subtitle. The findings and discussion should be written in not less than 60% of the entire body of the manuscript



            Findings may be presented in the form of tables, graphs, verbal descriptions, or a combination of the three. Tables, graphics, or images should not be too long, too large; please do not present too many figures in the manuscript. Authors are recommended to use a combination of presentation tables, graphs, or verbal descriptions. The tables and graphs presented must be referred to in the main text. The writing style for the tables and figures are presented in Table 1. The table should not contain vertical lines (upright), while horizontal (flat) lines are only on the head and tail of the table. Font sizes for table and picture entries may be reduced.


Table 1 Recommended length of each section in the manuscript  



Length (%)





Maximum, include Title and Abstract




Methods in quantitative studies may be up to 15%.


Findings and Discussion




Conclusion (include References)




Numbers in the tables are not to be repeated in verbal descriptions, either before or after the tables or figures.



The discussion section is intended to interpret the findings of the study in accordance with the theories used and not merely describe the founding. The discussion must be enriched by referring to the results of previous studies that have been published in scientific journals.

Refereces in the manuscript are written in brackets. Here are the examples for one author, e.g., (Retnowati, 2018), and two authors, e.g., (Nurgiyantoro & Efendi, 2017). If there are three to five authors, all authors are written in the first mention, e.g., (Retnowati, Fathoni, & Chen, 2018) and the next mention is written as (Retnowati et al., 2018). The authors of more than three people were only written first followed by et al., For example (Janssen et al. ’2010); Reference writing can also be written with a name outside the brackets, e.g., Nurgiyantoro (2017) in accordance with the writing style. If the statement referred to is a direct quote or a specific fact, page number/s must be included, e.g., (Nurgiyantoro & Efendi, 2017: 144) or if substances are taken from several pages, e.g., (Nurgiyantoro & Efendi, 2017: 144-146).

Indirect citations are more recommended than the direct ones. Direct quotations fewer than 40 words should be incorporated into the text of the paragraph with quotation marks. If the quotation comprises 40 or more words, display it in a freestanding block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, without quotation marks, and include the name, year, and pages in brackets (name, year: pages).

Citations of two or more works by different authors are alphabetically written within the same parentheses in the same order in which they appear in the reference list. Separate the citations with semicolons (;), for example (Sahlberg, 2012; Schunk, 2012; Retnowati, Fathoni, & Chen, 2018). For translated sources, write the original author names, years of translated and original books: some examples can be found in the bibliography by (Schunk, 2012a) and the translated book of Schunk (2012b).



A conclusion is not merely a re-statement of the data or findings, but a synthesis of key points and, as mentioned in the “Introduction” which eventually produces the "Results and Discussion" chapter so that there is compatibility. In addition, the prospects for developing research results and the prospects for future research applications (based on results and discussion) can also be added.



This section displays authors appreciation to sponsors, fund donors, resource persons, or parties who have an important role in conducting research.




References are sorted alphabetically. All references referred to in the article must be written in this section and everything written in the reference list must be referred to in the article. Here are some reference examples:


(Type: books in which the authors are the same with the publisher)

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 ed.). Washington, DC: Author.


(Type: e-book)

Bransford, J. D., Brown, A. L., & Cocking, R. R. (2005). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience and school.   from


(Type: edited book with more than two or more editors)

Tobias, S., & Duffy, T. M. (Eds.). (2009). Constructivist instruction: Success or failure? New York, NY: Routledge.


 (Type: book section)

Sahlberg, P. (2012). The most wanted: Teachers and teacher education in Finland. In L. Darling-Hammond & A. Lieberman (Eds.), Teacher education around the world: changing policies and practices. London: Routledge.


(Type: books written by one author)

Schunk, D. H. (2012a). Learning theories an educational perspective. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.


(Type: Translated books)

Schunk, D. H. (2012b). Learning theories an educational perspective (E. Hamdiah & R. Fajar, Trans.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. (Original work published 2012).


(Type: books written by two authors)

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (Fifth ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.


(Type: online journal articles)

Nurgiyantoro, B. & Efendi, A. (2017).  Re-Actualization of Puppet Characters in Modern Indonesian Fictions of The 21st Century. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies. 23 (2), 141-153, from


(Type: articles writtten by three authors)

Retnowati, E., Fathoni, Y., & Chen, O. (2018). Mathematics Problem Solving Skill Acquisition: Learning by Problem Posing or by Problem Solving? Cakrawala Pendidikan, 37(1), 1-10, from doi:


(Type: articles writtten by more than three authors)

Janssen, J., Kirschner, F., Erkens, G., Kirschner, P. A., & Paas, F. (2010). Making the black box of collaborative learning transparent: Combining process-oriented and cognitive load approaches. Educational Psychology Review, 22(2), 139-154. doi: 10.1007/s10648-010-9131-x.


(Type: proceedings)

Retnowati, E. (2012, 24-27 November). Learning mathematics collaboratively or individually. Paper presented at the The 2nd International Conference of STEM in Education, Beijing Normal University, China. Retrieved from


(Type: guideline/ government or organization report)

NCTM. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.


(Type: legal document)

Permendiknas 2009 No. 22, Kompetensi Dasar Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan Sekolah Dasar Kelas I-VI.



(when applies)