Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics of LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal

This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in our journals, including the authors, the editors, the peer-reviewers, and the publisher, the Faculty of Tarbiyah. This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.


Ethical for Journal Publication


The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the authors, the journal editors, the peer reviewers, the publisher, and society.


The Faculty of Tarbiyah, as publisher of this journal, takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously, and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints, or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful and necessary.


Publication decisions


The editors of LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may consult with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.


Fair play


An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.




The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest


Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.


Duties of reviewers


Contribution to Editorial Decisions


Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions, and through the editorial communications with the author, it may also assist the author in improving the paper.




Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.




Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Except with the editor's permission, you cannot show them to or discuss them with anyone else.


Standards of Objectivity


Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.


Acknowledgement of Sources


Reviewers should point out relevant published works that the authors have not cited. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also bring to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and conflict of interest


Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.


Duties of Authors


Reporting standards


The authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.


Data Access and Retention


Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.


Originality and plagiarism


The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works and that if they have used the work and/or words of others, this has been appropriately cited or quoted.


Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publications


An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.


Acknowledgement of Sources


Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.


Authorship of the Paper


Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.


Hazards and human or animal subjects


If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.


Disclosures and Conflicts of Interest


All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.


Fundamental errors in published works


When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his or her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.



The opinions, claims, and conclusions expressed in the articles published in LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal are those of the authors. They do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal, its editors, or its reviewers. The research and theories presented in these articles are solely the claims of the contributing author(s). LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal assumes no responsibility for damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained in these articles.


Author Guideline


Preparation of manuscripts


Authors should carefully prepare their manuscripts in accordance with the following instructions: (1) All manuscripts should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010); (2) Manuscripts should be as concise as possible yet sufficiently detailed to permit adequate communication and critical review; (3) Consult the APA Publication Manual for specific guidelines regarding the format of the manuscript, abstract, citations and references, tables and figures, and other matters of editorial style; and (4) Tables and figures should be used only when essential.


The type of manuscript


All of the types of manuscripts submitted must fall under this category and be well-designed for (1) research articles or (2) extensive book reviews, report reviews, literature reviews, or conceptual papers.


Submit the manuscript.

Before all of you submit the manuscript, please read carefully and follow the instructions: (1) The manuscript was the result of your own work (original, not plagiarism) and has never been published in any other journal; (2) The article is written in Bahasa and in English. Abstracts and keywords are clearly written in Bahasa and in English; (3) the manuscript file must be digital. We suggest using Microsoft Office (2008 or above) software with extension documents (.rtf,.doc, or.docx). Hard copy submissions are not accepted, and (4) Document format style: Calisto MT on A4 Margin Left: 2,54 cm, Top: 2.94 cm, Right: 2,54 cm, Bottom: 2.54 cm, header 0,75 cm, and footer 1,02 cm with different odd and even events; one column. Operating system: Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, or Windows Server 2008 R2; for body text, use one column; single line spacing: before = 0 and after = 6; black color font; and use only one space after each word. For specific information about technical information about the manuscript content, see the Submission Preparation Checklist and use the journal LENTERNAL: Learning and Teaching Journal template.


The structure of manuscripts


Research Article (Featured Research/Practitioner Research): (a) Title Page; (b) Authors' Names and Affiliations; (c) Abstract, (d) Keyword(s), (e) Corresponding Author: Author Name and Email Address, (f) Introduction, (g) Method, (h) Results and Discussion, (i) Conclusions, (j) Acknowledgements, and (k) References.

Article/extensive book reviews/reports review/literature review/conceptual paper: (a) Title Page; (b) Authors' Names and Affiliations (c) Abstract, (d) Keyword(s), (e) Corresponding Author; Author Name and Email Address, (f) Introduction, (g) Discussions, (h) Conclusions, (i) Acknowledgements, and (j) References.

Recommendation software for managing citations and references


We suggest all of you use the software MENDELEY, ZOTERO, or ENDNOTE for easy citation. References should be the most recent and pertinent literature available (about 5–10 years ago). Using literature (more than 10 years ago) may allow at least 25% of the total references used in the manuscript.


Page limitations 


The full length of the submission manuscript is not more than 5000–7000 words, or a maximum of 10 pages and a minimum of 8 pages, including references, tables, and figures (Appendix-Exclude).


Permission requirements


Lengthy quotations (generally 400 cumulative words or more from one source) require written permission from the copyright holder for reproduction. Previously published tables or figures that are used in their entirety, in part, or adapted also require written permission from the copyright holder for reproduction. It is the author’s responsibility to secure such permission, and a copy of the publisher’s written permission must be provided to the editor immediately upon acceptance for publication.